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Best Places to Visit in Egypt Here is the list of some of the top-rated Famous places and Attractions in Egypt, must-see, and recommended tourist attractions.
Set on the Nile River and surrounded by lush vegetation and towering skyscrapers, Egypt’s sprawling capital is where East and West come together in a glorious mix of old and new. Cairo, the largest city west of China, is home to the ancient Pyramids of Giza as well as high-rise hotels and modern apartment buildings. With a combination of ancient and modern, the city will allow you to take a step back in time as you explore the 130,000 treasures of the Egyptian Museum (including the tomb of Tutankhamen) as well as enjoy the bustling energy of bazaars, cinemas, department stores and more!
Pyramids of Giza
Constructed thousands of years ago, the Pyramids of Giza are ancient relics of Egypt’s Old Kingdom era. These ginormous pyramid temples were built for pharaohs that were expected to become gods in the afterlife. Of the three massive structures, the Great Pyramid is the largest, built for Pharaoh Khufu. Towering over the desert at around 480 feet, it’s estimated that this tomb was created using 2.3 million stone blocks each weighing about 2.5 to 15 tons! The construction of these Egyptian pyramids remains a mystery to this day.
The Great Sphinx
Sitting just south of the Great Pyramid, the Great Sphinx is a 240 foot long, 66 foot high limestone statue that stands as one the world’s largest monuments. With the face of a man and the body of a lion, it is believed in ancient Egypt that the creature of the sphinx represents a spiritual guardian, in this case the Great Sphinx is guarding the pharaoh’s entire tomb complex. Although the enormous statue settles on top of the desert sands, there was once a time when the Sphinx was buried up to its shoulders! The removal of sand began in the early 1800s, and the magnificent monument was finally freed in the late 1930s.
The Nile River
Flowing through northeastern Africa and connecting to the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile River is the world’s longest river, stretching over 4,000 miles. The river flows through and borders 10 other countries: Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. Thousands of years ago, the Nile River was a source of irrigation for the surrounding dry area, transforming the desert land into lush greenery. Although the Nile still serves as a source of irrigation today, it is also a means of transportation for trade.
The Aswan Dam
Composed of stone and clay and standing at 364 feet, the Aswan Dam provides many benefits for Egypt. The main reason for creating this dam was to control the Nile River. The Aswan Dam marks the success of the first time the Egyptians could control the annual flooding of the Nile. Before, flooding would ruin surrounding areas and crops, but now with the water controlled, the dam has benefited the area’s agricultural industries tremendously. In addition to taming the river, the dam produces electricity, providing many small villages the luxury of having electricity for the first time. The water collected from the Aswan Dam forms Lake Nasser, which is a major water source for the surrounding area.
Felucca are traditional wooden sail boats invented by the Egyptians, and you are bound to see them passing along on the Nile River. In ancient times, feluccas were primarily used for transportation, and today they are still used for transportation as well as providing relaxing rides and sightseeing for tourists. At the time, these sail boats were the most advanced piece of engineering, mainly relying on the breeze and the flowing current of the Nile River to maneuver through the water. Although few feluccas are now made entirely out of wood, the general layout remains very similar to ancient times.
Valley of the Kings
Lying on the west bank of the Nile River near Luxor, The Valley of the Kings is the most famed collection of exquisite tombs dedicated to the pharaohs of the New Kingdom. Also known as the Valley of the Gates of the Kings, this valley was once a royal burial ground for well-known pharaohs such as Tutankhamun, Seti I, and Ramses II. In 1979, the famous valley was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and to this day the meticulously painted tombs of past pharaohs continues to attract foreign and local tourists and travelers.
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